American Democracy Paper Hamilton and Jefferson

American Democracy Paper Hamilton and Jefferson

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June 15, 2019

Hamilton and Jefferson’s Interpretation of the Constitution, the role of the national government, and their visions for American society.

American democracy was faced with different ideas and visions during the period of independence. On the side of Alexander Hamilton, he was a strong federalist who aimed in the power of the government to take control of all the aspects of society. On the other hand, Thomas Jefferson was an enormous democratic republican who supported the state’s authority and emphasized increasing the role of the common man in the government (Foner, 372). The different ideas held by the two personnel led different ways of running the American government American Democracy Paper Hamilton and Jefferson.

Hamilton and Jefferson emerged as determined leaders envisioned to lead the Americans to the right direction in the 1790s. Hamilton led the Federalists while Jefferson an anti-federalist spoke for the rural and southern interests. The primary debate between the two in the American democracy involved an interpretation of the power of the constitution regarding the power of the states versus that of the central government (Foner, 373). With Hamilton being a federalist, he favored reliable authority to be vested in the national government. In his words, as long as the federal government represents the overall will of the nation and as well as the states represent their respective areas, why not have a federal government? On Jefferson’s side, he believed that power should be left in the state governments rather than being heavily in the national government.

Regarding the American dream and vision, Hamilton believed in the interest of American commerce and industry. He thought the American government could bring this order and organization. In his quoting of the constitution, Hamilton believed in having centralized power with dominant standing navy and army to repel the invasions in the nation. Also, he thought a centralized government was effective in conducting a reliable and much coherent foreign policy (Foner, 375). More so, he believed the constitutional powers invested in the presidency would lead to a mighty leader to impress the world. With capitalistic ideas, he devised the United States Bank with the potential to establish branches in diverse places of the country. He also supported the development of industries though protection of new firms entering the market. His vision for a good America saw him become oppose slavery in contrast to the wish of the Southerners American Democracy Paper Hamilton and Jefferson.

Jefferson, in his opinion, believed in federalism. Focusing on the power of the states, he claimed, “I am not a friend to a very energetic government” (Foner, 377). While serving in the office as a secretary of the state, Jefferson objected to the enactment of a national bank (Foner, 374). While quoting the constitution, Jefferson claimed, the constitution does not give all the powers to the government but reserves it to the states; hence, it is not empowered anywhere to set up a bank. Being a firm believer in individualism, he proposed for an agricultural form based on independent yeoman farming.

By 1840s, Jefferson’s ideas had become more realized. For instance, during the presidential elections of 1840, William Henry Harrison standing as a Democrat won the elections as the champion of the common man. His politics was based on attacking the federalism for leading America to the period of economic depression (Foner, 401) believing in individualism just like Jackson, he believed in the selling of a person’s image to the public and strongly strived on promoting the interests of the common man.

Work Cited

Eric Foner. Give Me Liberty, New York, 1877 Vol (1) American Democracy Paper Hamilton and Jefferson.