Arab spring constitution Paper
Arab spring constitution.
Arab spring was a continuous period of anti-governmental protests in Arab countries, especially those from North Africa and the Middle East. It began in 2010 and was as a result of extreme poverty and regimes of oppression due to protests, for instance, in Tunisia. Consequently, this revolution vigorously spread to other countries such as Syria, Yemen, Libya, Egypt, and Bahrain. The protests led to civil wars, riots, social violence, and other significant policies. Initial protests and revolutions weakened in 2012 as people’s need was met by authorities, militaries and, government officials. However, in some cases, this was done through violence, especially from the protestors, which resulted in enormous conflicts Arab spring constitution Paper. Did not only civil wars result in Syria and Libya but also a various crisis in Egypt and Yemen, as noted by Davis (107). Management and leadership were possessed by accountability in the Arab world. As a result, uniting power by religious nations and democratic Muslim states resulted in controversy battles. Ultimately, the hope of increasing political participation, ending corruption and bringing economic equity collapsed. Based on this, various approaches can be used in writing a new constitution for a country that faced the Arab Spring reforms.
According to Nylen (264), the participatory approach of democracy is one that involves more excellent representation by both leaders and citizen while operating political systems. All members of a population have the opportunity to make decisions and contributions and also increase the number of people with those chances. However, in a participatory approach, leaders have the right to implement policies, but citizens can only influence them but not make them. Therefore, people are broadly involved in politics and can, therefore, give their ideas and concerns about the issues facing them Arab spring constitution Paper.Subsequently, this approach provides citizens the freedom to take part in a country’s election and hence select their leaders. Multiple access points are provided for citizens to access and influence policymakers. Through referendums and initiatives, both local and state governments can influence policy decisions through citizens. Citizens can thus, place constitutional amendments on the ballot in some countries.
Pluralist democracy involves a political system with various sources of power. Freedom of association is allowed through equality. In pluralism, society benefits from diversity, and cultural groups ought to enjoy autonomy. Trade unions, ethnic minorities, and professional organizations are also included. Moreover, there is no dominance in this approach as various organized groups influence policy through competition as experienced in defensive democracy where individual rights are restricted. Speed, Ewen, and Russell Mannion (249) note that under pluralist democracy, groups are formed with a common agenda, and hence, people work using these groups to influence decisions. People select groups they want to be involved in after weighing relevant reasons. Politicians then support those groups that support their interests. Groups that focus on issues that most affect our societies today are most likely to get most supporters. For example, a group focusing on security measures which benefit all citizens is of importance and should, therefore, be supported Arab spring constitution Paper.
Developmental democracy is another approach involved with not only social, economic, and institutional development but also international factors that foster consolidation and expansion. Ethnic conflicts in development lead to wastage of resources and also reduced usage. Developmental democracy supports and promotes peoples’ businesses by giving them licenses to enhance legal operations. Companies are allowed to flourish in serene environments, which would enable societal development. Also, a constitution that enhances development in other institutions such as schools and hospitals, promote good cooperation and services to its citizens (Del Biondo 78). Treatment equipment is provided in the hospital for better health services. Development in schools by providing necessary learning equipment promotes a high educational background and highly skilled and trained personnel.
Similarly, the protective approach enables political participation by the public as well as their protection from government encroachment. Individual property and property by the rule of law is protected by democracy. Del Biondo (80) alludes that some rights and freedoms are limited to the public to protect them and other institutions. In most countries, people are advised to insure their property with the government in case of natural calamities and accidents. The government also preserves some property such as land and restricts it from public use. Similarly, this provides enough room for refugees and individuals who are homeless as well as citizens of the country to enhance their lives Arab spring constitution Paper. Countries that were affected by Arab Springs and faced extreme poverty could use this approach to help them get temporary homes and other basic needs, especially after the civil wars.
In summary, despite the anti-governmental objection in the Arab spring, new reforms can be used in their constitution to promote peace and harmony in these countries. Approaches such as developmental, protective, participatory, and even pluralist are competent to help these countries attain better governance and leadership.
Davis, John. The Arab Spring and Arab thaw: unfinished revolutions and the quest for democracy. Routledge, 2016.
Del Biondo, Karen. "Donor interests or developmental performance? Explaining sanctions in EU democracy promotion in sub-Saharan Africa." World Development 75 (2015): 74-84.
Nylen, William R. "The Politics of Local Participatory Democracy in Latin America: Institutions, Actors, and Interactions. By Françoise Montambeault. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2016. 288p. $65.00 cloth." Perspectives on Politics 16.1 (2018): 263-264.
Speed, Ewen, and Russell Mannion. "The rise of post-truth populism in pluralist liberal democracies: challenges for health policy." International journal of health policy and management 6.5 (2017): 249 Arab spring constitution Paper