Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
Several studies on strategic change management have been conducted in various parts of the world including the U.S. region. For instance, (Kamugisha) identified the effects of change management in National University of Mexico. The objectives were to determine the effect of change management on organizational structure and leadership. Descriptive case study approach was used as it places more emphasis on a full contextual analysis of fewer events or conditions and their interrelations (Kamugisha). Values and beliefs held by employees are not only an asset to the organization but also provide managers or leaders with a complete knowledge and awareness for effective leadership. This is because strong cultures are driving forces towards organizational development as it reduces stress and improves self esteem in employees, (Stewart 2010). Consequently, managers should ensure that new employees are introduced to the norms and pattern of work right during recruitment and top leaders publicly support the organization culture for better results Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
This process will inculcate a sense of belonging and enables the employee to better understand the core functions and mandate of the institution hence increased efficiency. Managers should also embrace strong cultures in an organization that propels positive change towards attainment of the organizational objectives, Brooks (2006). It is therefore the responsibility of the top leadership of the organization to assist the employees to learn the systems of the organization if they want they organization perform better.
Organization culture consist of three layers. These layers include the material or external layer which consists of equipment, products, and technology. This is the foundation of the organization. The middle/system layer which consist of laws and regulations and procedures in an organization Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
This is the key of the organization. Finally the internal layer that embodies the management strategies geared towards goal orientation. This is the core and soul of the organization, (Muthoni). In addition to this it is important to note that organizational culture plays a critical role in change management. This is true because organizational culture helps the organization to adapt to internal and external demands as it plays a key role in the existence of the organization, (Onyango, 2014). According to (Ongera) when organizational culture promotes trust resistance to change and external threats are neutralized. Implementing the change process in any organization is a crucial foundation for enhancing employee confidence in the activities of an institution and employees play a critical role in this process, (Okeke et al,). Therefore employees must not be ignored during the conception, implementation and review of the change process.
According to (Bourke et al – 250) organizations undergoing transformation must have teams that champion the change process Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
This demands that all employees within the institutions desiring change especially the top management must commit to the change process. The top management must therefore understand the vision, mission and objectives of the organization and strive to inculcate a culture that minimizes resistance towards the desired change so that the process is not abrasive in its approached. In this research, organizational change was defined contextually as the process of transformation in an organization
Bolden, (2010) defines a leader as either a person who is in control and has authorities to take decision and also ahs powers to implement his/her decisions or a process having a set of other authoritative process about organizational, personal or social process of influence for which the groups, teams or organizations can do more to increase their ability. The selection of the leader not only depends on the personal characteristics of personal but also on the social and cultural factors along with /her exposure towards life Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
Organizational leadership has a central role in evolution and cultivating an organization. It can help the member of an organization and working teams to face the challenges and to work for organizational goal in a worthy way.
A study by Wan (2007) on effect of leadership on organizational performance in India highlights the technology-change lever as the most important and frequently adopted channel in the industry. Michalak (2010) in his theoretical study, comments that internationalization and globalization result in accelerating technological changes leading to scarcity of resources and circumstances of global financial crisis. All of these help to shape the business environment, increase competitive rivalry among companies and trigger desire for change. Waldersee & Eagelson (2002) worked on leaders as an organizational change lever and concluded that implementing change has always been a long and problematic process Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
Rastogi (2011) in their study emphasized that Human Resource has an important role in change management. Leadership is an important change lever where the top leadership support is essential during the change process
Todnem (2005) in his study illustrates that each organization needs change, and it is the responsibility of its leaders to initiate and facilitate the change. Many organizations have suffered stagnation because their top leadership is unwilling to initiate the necessary changes. It takes a lot of commitment and dedication of efforts for an organization to undergo and sustain its cycle of changes. Many leaders are known to prop up their heads and try to control organizations when everything seems to work well for them. However, whenever there are hard choices to be made and facilitated, failure of such leaders creep in. this distinguishes true leaders from figureheads. Leaders depend rely a lot on their courages in venting, complaining and discussing the ideas that does not matter. In many cases, these leaders are normally picked from authority positions. If the selection is done carefully, then the members of staff results in threatened job opportunity life forcing them to effectively work Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
The members of staff through their leaders’ confidentiality are able to change the way of working and improve students’ results.
According to (Capon, 2008) transformational leadership often starts with developing a strategic vision for the future of the organization. A successful transformational leader needs staff to buy into the future vision, and for this to happen the vision has to excite and inspire people. Organization experiencing major upheaval or change practices can achieve great results seeking transformational leaders. Implementing change management requires communication. This means, every change that goes on within the management or senior executives of the organization should be communicated to the other members of the organization appropriately. This would help in maintaining trust and employer-employee relationship. The employee will then be able to understand the matter and feel the need to execute more accordingly.
According to Dweck Carol (2012), mindset is a progression of personal beliefs and perception in real life situations concerning an individual. These beliefs and perceptions dictates how one behaves as portrayed in physical outlook and mental attitude. There are two types of mindsets: first is the fixed mindset which is believed to possess fixed traits, people with fixed mindset are rigid and always tend to shy away from challenges claiming that they are unable to do the task, outlining a number of excuses. Secondly is the growth mindset; this type of mindset admits challenges and beliefs that there can be a success through hard work, commitment and advancement of personal abilities Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
Kelvin (1992) defines a successful change management program as entailing core purpose and strategy, stakeholder support, development of the rightful organizational framework and culture, selling out new technology, coming up with new individual responsibilities, reward structures and management procedures. Advanced organizational operation is not only about the practical operation of hard and fast policies for a success. Change management aims and capacity building workshops must be emphasized in order to win the mindset of the employees because they are the driving agents of change. All school heads of secondary schools were considered by Government for a one year diploma course in Educational Management sponsored by Kenya Education Management Institute (KEMI) in 2011.this aimed at equipping the principals with the necessary knowledge and skills used to spearhead the management change in secondary schools, changing their mindsets and enhancing positive attitude towards change management implementation Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
Principals being the most influencing agents in the corresponding institutions when empowered will be in a position to win the mindsets of staff and develop a positive team spirit operating as per the management change implementation core purpose.
School principal is responsible for the Management of resources in schools. In distributing this responsibility, the principal may assign to teaching and support staff as legible in writing. The Board of Management ( BOM), The Parents Teachers Association (PTA) or other shareholders may give their support to the school principal in respect of resources management but that support does not contribute a change of primary responsibility. (Kinyua & Ngobolya, 2016).
The public secondary schools in Kenya are under the ministry of education. Through the free secondary education program the schools are partially funded by the government (Mito& Enose, 2012). Schools are run by school administrators and the board of management. The board is concern with the standards of education given and balance cost and efficiency (GoK,2013). However, the core role of management of school finances remains with the principals (Ministry of Education, 2012) Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
The main financial management responsibilities of the principals are preparation of school budgets, procurement of goods and services, restricting incomes and expenditures, maintaining accounting records and organizing final financial reports and manage facilities.
Most studies on Key custodian of finance in public schools have been on institutional management in general. For example the study by Ngigi (2007) on Bog efficiency in management did not investigate the ability in management of finance. Currently there is a lot of disagreement between principals and the ministry in Kaloleni sub county concerning the directive on how much fees should be charged to the parents in support of the free day secondary education funds. Parents are also not informed because the idea of fees structure between the ministry of education and schools is yet to be determined. Therefore in relation to the above gaps with the idea that management of finances affects the quality of teaching and learning, it can only be fair that a study be done in public secondary schools in Kenya to establish capacity of the Principals in managing the huge resources in the schools Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper
The Basic Education Act 2013 in Kenya placed the financial management of public secondary schools under the Principal (Chief Accounting Officer). However, it has been stated that management personnel in learning institutions undergo challenges while managing institution funds (Ministry of Education, 2012). A study done by Magak, (2013) found that school administrators in managing school funds face diversified problems. These include inefficiency in procurement, inadequate and irregular auditing, lack of accounting supporting documents and records and inability to prepare end year financial statements among others.
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Waldersee, R., & Eagleson, G. Shared leadership in the implementation of re-orientations. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, (2002) 23(7), 400-407.
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Okeke, M. N., Oboreh, J. C., Nebolisa, O., Esione, U. O., & Ojukwu, C. O. Change Management and Organizational Performance in Selected Manufacturing Companies in Anambra State, Nigeria. The International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention, (2019) 6(5), 5437-5445 Block Buster Bomb Case Study Paper