Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper
Are Test Scores a Good Indication of a School’s Competency?
Learning is an engaging process that leads to the acquisition of knowledge. Teachers and students partner in this process to ensure learning takes place and learning cannot occur in the absence of any of them. Therefore, it is essential to have a goal and measure the goal. In the education sector, the best evaluation tools are usually assessments. Assessments can be either formative or summative. Irrespective of whichever type is integrated within the school curriculum, they all have test scores, which are the test results. When the results of all students are categorized together, they are used to assess the effectiveness of methods used to teach and indicate a school’s competency Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper .School competency is indicated by using assessment tools that provide numerical scores, which are the test scores, which are comparative and show students’ performance, teachers, and approaches used during learning.
Tests scores are objective tools. These are assessment tools that are created to evaluate the students. This is usually the primary objective. When creating tests, teachers and those involved within this process usually create valid and reliable tests that can provide the school with practical analysis and conclusions Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper. They are developed cautiously since they have to align with the objectives behind their creation. For instance, these tests have to be standardized to provide every student with the chance to prosper academically (Eizadirad, 2019). A test is an evaluation of skills. When developing tests, objectives must be considered, which is why a set of rules must be established that govern their development and marking. Whenever a test is issued to the students, and they all have an opportunity to progress based on their answers, they avail the best answers, which are used to tell and gauge the school’s competency. Schools aim to educate and evaluate their students and identify whether they are making positive progress; test scores through their objectives are used.
Tests scores are based on what the school has taught. Whether local or state, or federal, the government is in one way or the other involved in the education sector. For instance, in America, the state government is involved in the education of the state ad provides different standards that each school must adhere to and implement. This is a smart move to ensure students within the state learn the same concepts, which further contributes to equality and an equal opportunity for each student to prosper (Jamain et al., 2021) Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper. With the standards available concerning what the school teaches its students, each school offers the same education, and the tests must be developed from the same concepts taught in class. Since tests are developed from the information taught in class, they are the best evaluation tools to identify school competency. If all schools teach the same aspects like the state and the federal government required, the tests developed, although different in their ways, will be appropriate tools to evaluate a school’s competency and tell whether it is performing.
Schools have a role in teaching their students. The primary objective and goal of a school are to impart knowledge. When students enroll in either school, irrespective of which level of education they are in, they acquire additional and sufficient knowledge to help them build their careers apply the same knowledge in class. When imparting knowledge, it is always appropriate to evaluate the students, and the most incredible and internationally accepted way is the use of assessments or tests. Tests are based on the syllabus taught in class, and students are evaluated on what they have learned. Teachers develop tests that evaluate each learner’s teaching throughout the unit or course subject. It is these results that can be used to tell whether a school is competent. Competent schools often perform exemplary in their tests because they have imparted knowledge accordingly to their students. According to Eizadirad (2019), an excellent performance is an indication that the teachers have performed an outstanding job when teaching their learners, which is why they perform well in their tests and have a higher test score. In addition, teachers integrate different teaching strategies in the classroom, which is how they manage to advance the learning process. These instruction approaches are reflected by students’ performance in the tests, which is how the school’s competency is identified.
Test scores are statistically measurable. School competency is not an aspect that can be discussed in mere terms. Kaukab & Mehrunnisa (2016) denote that evaluating a school is essential to integrate statistics since they are the best performance indicators. With statistics, an individual can expect a lower or higher score or an average score. Schools need to know whether their efforts to teach students bear any favorable fruits. For this to take place, tests need to be established since they have scored. For instance, a math test will have 50 questions, each carrying two marks, which amounts to 100. Each student is expected to take the same test under similar conditions, such as sit for the same questions for two hours. A rubric or a marking scheme is developed, one that contains all the answers, and it is used to mark and grade the students, thereby resulting in the test scores Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper .A higher score for each test for the overall school means the school performs well and can thereby be recognized as a competent school. A school with a lower score is identified as an incompetent school because the measures used to identify its competency are lower than average. Schools are classified in terms of performance based on test scores. States develop their standardized tests that are used to categorize schools in terms of performance since the scores of the tests are compared and later used to develop a list of competent schools. Test scores are quantitative, and they call for comparativeness. This is why they are the best form of comparative measures because they allow for comparing two schools. Numerical results are documented, which aid in the development of conclusions about school competency.
Test scores enhance and advance competitions in schools. Life is based on competition. Sometimes it is competing against other individuals, while other times, it is competition against oneself. A student can compete with their previous performance within the school-based tests or any standardized tests availed. Additionally, a student can compete with their colleagues. Such competition is healthy and should be encouraged because it eventually leads to the growth of the student (Kaukab & Mehrunnisa, 2016). Schools also compete at the state level since they participate in standardized tests. Through this competition, schools integrate different measures established to help enhance the teaching process. Each school has a series of steps developed within the curriculum that is unique to the school, and that assist in gaining a competitive advantage. Such approaches are used because of the competitive nature of the school. Ivy League Universities are categorized this way because of their methods of learning and teaching that lead to their academic success Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper. Test scores are used to compare schools, which helps them enhance their competency since schools will want to be the best. In the presence of test scores, students are assured of high-quality learning since each school wants to be the best competently and attract students.
Test scores are the best to identify school competency because of their differentiation. The field of education has been changing, and now more than ever, the class is diverse and inclusive. Students with disabilities have been included in the general classroom and instructional approaches and assessment measures differentiated to include them. Thus, no one is left out of the process, and students are granted an equal opportunity to excel. With the inclusiveness of students in the general classroom, assessments have to be differentiated but test the same concepts since everyone, despite their learning abilities and disabilities, has to learn the same content (Yerly, n.d.). Once tests have been differentiated, students sit for their assessments and numerical figures documented based on their performance. With schools catering to everyone, tests are essential to compare their performance and strategies’ effectiveness.
Test scores indicate the effectiveness of the approaches used within the school curriculum. Zeuch et al. (2017) indicate that the approaches incorporated by teachers and school administrators are essential and play a fundamental role in developing high-end school competency. Test scores indicate whether the teachers and the school has been using practical approaches that establish its competency Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper. A school categorized as competent integrates different measures when teaching that guarantee the success of the learners. Although a school, through its teachers, may integrate effective strategies when teaching its students, the only viable way to understand and identify the effectiveness of strategies used is by using evaluating tools, which are typically tests. Whenever the test scores of any given test are high, this is usually an indication that the school uses effective measures. In contrast, whenever the strategies used are not effective, the competency of the school declines due to poor performance on the issued tests.
Enhancement of test scores has made it possible to incorporate different content learning areas within the school curriculum. Tests have evolved from their initial introduction to the current point where they introduce most aspects of the learning environment. Because they can cover almost everything taught in class, test scores can be used to identify school competency, as noted by Chamberlain (2013). School competency covers a wide range of aspects. With the principal role of the school as teaching, learning becomes the primary plan. This agenda needs to be evaluated to recognize whether every aspect of learning is taking place as expected and all areas are addressed. Test scores address most if not all of these areas, so they are the best evaluation tools to demonstrate school competency Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper.
Test scores can indicate school competency. These are evaluation tools that measure the success of a school. It is essential to measure school competency because it aids in developing additional measures if the rest have not been working or enhancing the existing ones. Some of the reasons behind the use of test scores to indicate school competency include objectivity and test scores based on what the school has taught. Schools have a role in teaching their students, statistically measurable, enhancing and advancing competitions in schools, differentiation, and indicating the effectiveness of the approaches used within the school curriculum. All these reasons combined demonstrate how test scores are used and why they are considered the best evaluation tools to indicate school success.
Chamberlain, G. E. (2013). Predictive effects of teachers and schools on test scores, college attendance, and earnings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(43), 17176-17182.
Eizadirad, A. (2019). Elementary Standardized Testing on the Bubble: To Eliminate or Maintain?. In Decolonizing Educational Assessment (pp. 15-26). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.Jamain, L., de Place, A. L., Bouffard, T., & Pansu, P. (2021). Students’ self-evaluation bias of school competence and its link to teacher judgment in elementary school. Social Psychology of Education, 1-20.
Kaukab, R., & Mehrunnisa, S. (2016). History and evolution of standardized testing–a literature review. International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah, 4(5), 126-132.
Yerly, G. The Effects of External Standardized Testing on Teachers’ Assessment Practices.
Zeuch, N., Förster, N., & Souvignier, E. (2017). Assessing teachers’ competencies to read and interpret graphs from learning progress assessment: Results from tests and interviews. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 32(1), 61-70 Competency-based Assessment in Education Paper.