Discussion: Argument Basics

Step 1 Read the following:

  • Scenario 1: 
    • (P) All humans are mortal.
    • (P) Socrates is human.
    • (C)Therefore, Socrates is mortal.
  • Scenario 2: 
    • (P) All teachers are human.
    • (P) Socrates is human.
    • (C) Therefore, Socrates is a teacher.

Evaluate these two scenarios. Are there differences between the premise and argument of each scenario?

  • What role do you believe evidence can or should play in developing rational inferences?
  • By what criteria can you determine the strength of a conclusion supported with evidence?