Cultural Anthropology Research Essay_Public Health During The Covid Pandemic
My research question is: How have Covid responses in the United States affected the way Americans take care of their personal health? Assignment Purpose Apply anthropological concepts to real world settings Explore different perspectives on society and culture related to the covid-19 pandemic Synthesize multiple sources of different types to explore a topic Develop a specific, debatable thesis that is supported with evidence from your original research Task Template to use as a starting point for your assignment! <- updated 2/19 with examples of quoting interviews Formatting Notes: The entire paper should be double spaced. APA format suggests 12 pt Times New Roman, and that is what I find easiest to read, but you may use a different standard font, like 11 pt Arial or Calibri. The minimum word count for the complete paper is 2750, or about 10-12 double-spaced pages, not including the References page. (For this draft, I will accept papers of at least 2500 words if you find you need more feedback to help develop your ideas before revising and writing more.) Part One: Introduction Paragraph This section does not need a heading. Write one paragraph that orients readers to your topic, gets them interested in the subject, and gives them an idea of what you will present in the rest of the paper. Introductions handout / UNC Writing Center (with examples of strong and weak approaches) One or two of the final sentences of the introduction paragraph should be your thesis statement. A thesis statement is a specific and debatable central claim that you will support with evidence throughout the paper. This statement should be your answer to the research question you posted in your Proposal (or a modified version of that question if your approach changed during the research). Underline your thesis statement in the paper Writing Tips: Thesis Statements Note: You may want to write the Introduction paragraph last, at least after drafting the Findings section (see below). The thesis statement you present in your introduction must be supported by your research findings overall, particularly your original research (interviews). Part Two: Literature Review (3-5 pages) Refer back to your Literature Review Outline. This is a starting point for writing this section of your paper. Be sure to view any feedback you received on that assignment and make changes as needed as you incorporate that material into this paper. As in the outline, you are required to include at least 8 credible sources in this section, including at least 1 scholarly, peer-reviewed article and one source by an anthropologist. You can use relevant sources that others in your group contributed to the collaborative bibliography, or you can find more sources on your own. Write the words Literature Review, underlined, as a heading for this section. Write 4+ paragraphs, each corresponding to a theme you noticed in your outside sources. (You may change or add to the themes from your Lit Review outline). Include the following in each paragraph of this section: A topic sentence that offers the main idea of the paragraph. In this case, that means identifying one theme. You can use the "theme sentence" from your literature review outline here. References to 2-3 of your outside sources. Each source should be discussed in at least 2 sentences, the introduction/summary of the source and an explanation of its significance to the theme. You can copy over these sentences from the literature review outline and expand with additional sentences as needed. Use narrative citations to introduce each source and parenthetical citations to conclude subsequent sentences about the source. A concluding sentence that ends the paragraph with your own idea (not a citation or quote from your source). This sentence usually connects the message of this particular paragraph with your broader topic or argument. Transitions between ideas. Use transition words, phrases, or sentences to explain the relationship between your sources (for example, highlight what makes them different from each other). Build meaningful transitions into your topic and/or concluding sentences to explain what each paragraph has to do with the one before or after it. Transitions handout / UNC Writing Center Part Three: Methods Paragraph Write the word Methods, underlined, as a heading for this section. Describe your methods of original research. Answer these questions in this paragraph: Who did you interview (what position do they have and/or what perspective do they represent)? If you are including interview data from other students in your group, mention that here too. How did you gain access to these informants? (Are you a member of the study population group? Are these friends, relatives, public figures? Are you drawing on the transcripts of interviews provided by your group members?) What was the format of your interviews? What kind of interview was it? (Generally should be semi-structured: You have a list of questions but allow the interview to follow the flow of conversation.) Part Four: Findings (3-5 pages) The findings section is where you report what you have learned from your interviews. This section needs to be organized around a series of claims you can make, describing patterns in the interview data. You will include select quotations from interviews as appropriate to illustrate those claims. Do not just list the questions you asked and paste in the responses received in full. Write the word Findings, underlined, as a heading for this section. Write several body paragraphs (at least 4), each identifying and supporting a claim you can make on the basis of your/your group's interviews. Keep in mind that this section ultimately provides the support for your thesis, the central or main claim in your paper. Think about how the patterns you noticed in the interviews are related to one another and how they collectively provide support for your main argument about this topic, your answer to your research question. Each paragraph in this section should include: A topic sentence that offers the main idea of the paragraph (a "claim" about your interview data: theme or pattern you noticed in the interviews). As you identify claims, think about in what ways these interviews help you to answer the research question you posed in your proposal. (See also: Interview Themes Discussion). Example claim/topic sentence: Medical anthropologists spoke enthusiastically about opportunities to write and teach about the pandemic. Example claim/topic sentence: The professors interviewed disagreed about whether the covid-19 has changed academic research in ways that will continue after the pandemic ends. Specific information from interviews conducted by you or others in your group that supports that paragraph's claim. You should incorporate some direct quotes from interviewees that illustrate the pattern you noticed. You can also summarize information from multiple interviews (e.g., "All five interviewees reported feeling more anxious than usual since the start of the pandemic." or "Both of the student-parents interviewed agreed that...") A concluding sentence that ends the paragraph with your own idea. This sentence usually connects the message of this particular paragraph with your broader topic or argument, but it can also help you transition to the next paragraph. Transitions between paragraphs and/or within paragraphs, to compare or make connections between the comments from different interviewees. Throughout this section, include information from at least five interviewees. You can use a mix of your own interview notes and those shared by your classmates (see the Files tab in People > your project group). You are welcome to include more than 5! Note: Quotations from research participant interviews do not need to be formally cited in your paper or References page in APA style. Simply quote the informant as you would quote any person in conversation: Darryl reported, “I am especially disappointed not to be returning to my field site this year because my former host family have a new baby I was looking forward to meeting.” Note: You should quote interviewees using the pseudonyms you developed or those provided by your group members. At the first mention of a participant pseudonym, add an asterisk (e.g., Molly*) and include the following note at the end of the paper: *All names have been changed to protect informant privacy. Note (added 2/19): In APA format, when you quote more than 40+ words of a source, the quotation is actually formatted as a “block quotation.” This would apply to interview quotations as well, even though you don’t need to include a formal citation for them in this paper. This improves readability because otherwise it can be hard to follow where the quote ends and your own words begin again. Essentially, you set up the quote with a colon or comma as usual, and then the block quotation starts on the next line, indented 0.5 inch from the left. No quotation marks are necessary. See further directions at the first link below, and examples at the second. For interviews, follow these examples but leave out the formal citation elements (the year and page number): Quotation / APA Style Guide Examples of Block Quotation / APA Style Blog Part Five: Discussion (1-2 pages) Write the word Discussion, underlined, as a heading for this section. The goal of this section is to analyze your findings in connection with your thesis and outside ideas (from the literature review, from anthropology). In this section, you should discuss the results of your interview with reference to anthropological ideas from class and the outside sources you wrote about for your literature review: Connect your results with the intro and literature review. How does this data support, challenge, or give a different perspective on the issues as you originally described them? Use at least 2 anthropological concepts to describe and explain patterns in your data. A strong discussion will use what you have learned about anthropology to help explain people’s thoughts and actions. Choose from the key terms in bold at the end of Welsch & Vivanco chapters. Your terms should come from chapters assigned to read for this class. Put the key terms you use in bold font so they are easy for me to locate. Explain the meaning of each term you use in your own words New resource added 2/25: If you are not familiar with reading/writing research papers and are struggling with the Discussion section, this resource from the APA might be interesting: Discussion Phrases Guide. You definitely do not need to use any or all of these exact phrases in your paper for this class, but the phrases might be helpful for thinking about what a discussion section typically includes, and what it means to interpret results/findings in this section. Note: You don’t want to introduce any new data (like interview quotations) in the discussion section. The discussion does not introduce new findings/results, but tells readers why the findings you have already presented matter. Part Six: Conclusion Paragraph(s) and Final Word Count Write the word Conclusion, underlined, as a heading for this section. This section only needs 1-2 paragraphs. You should summarize your findings about the topic and make a final statement about what this research has contributed to the topic. You might answer one or more of these questions: Why does the work you have done matter? What questions should people continue to ask? Is there a “call to action” that your work inspires? More about conclusions: Ending the Essay / Harvard Writing Center On a new line, write Word Count then list the number of words in the paper, only including text after the title up until the end of the conclusion (not the References). Select the appropriate text to get this word count rather than the count for the whole document. How to count the words in part of your document in Word / Pages / Google Docs Part Seven: References At the top of the page, the word References should be centered on the page in plain font (not bold, etc.). Copy over the references from your Literature Review Outline, making corrections as needed based on feedback to that assignment. Update your reference list if you added or removed sources since the outline. Submit Your Paper Here + for Peer Review Grading This is a mandatory assignment, which must be completed to pass the class. To be marked complete, your submission must meet the requirements of the assignment, summarized in a checklist below. See the grading contract for more information about how this assignment relates to your final grade.
|Paper Type||Research Paper|
|Number of Pages||8 Page(s)/2200 words|
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