Effects of Global Warming on Health Paper

Effects of Global Warming on Health Paper

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The global climate has raised many concerns globally due to the adverse effects it has brought among humanity. Many people are suffering because of the adverse effects of global warming. The biggest threat associated with global climate change is health. Many healthcare concerns have been raised with respiratory problems and food distribution challenges as the main aspects. According to Berrang-Ford et al. (2019), global climate change describes the long-term changes in the world, such as warming temperatures, rising sea levels, and precipitation changes. Although people are raising their healthcare concerns due to global climate change, the key driver for this change has been humanity through their activities, such as the burning of fossils such as coal. These activities have polluted the environment resulting in global climate change, which has led to the development of respiratory and food distribution problems. The blazing of fossil fuels has occasioned in the release of harmful gases in the air, which results in the development of respiratory diseases. Global climate change results in increased temperatures that affect the ozone, leading to the development of lung diseases because of airway inflammation. The same gases and actions, such as deforestation, have created food distribution problems because of decreased rainfall. Lack of rainfall has increased food insecurity leading to the development of malnutrition Effects of Global Warming on Health Paper.

Comparison Between the United States and China

The US and China are two of the largest economies in the world and two countries with a high population. Health concerns related to respiratory problems in both countries have been high. The US and China have invested heavily in industrialization, which is considered the largest contributor to global climate change. As the two countries compete in terms of industrialization, they risk the health of many of their citizens because these industries release a lot of harmful gases in the air. In America, respiratory diseases such as asthma have increased tremendously over the last decades (Scaletti, 2018). According to Du et al. (2014), at least 100 million people suffer from lung diseases in China. With the development of new industries in both countries, respiratory diseases are expected to increase since most industries depend on fossil fuels for their overall production (Kan et al., 2012). China and the US have contributed to destroying the ground-level ozone, which has increased over the years, resulting in airway inflammation and, consequently, damage to the lung tissue.

In terms of their food distribution, the two countries are experiencing the threat of food distribution due to the scarcity of water. The numerous activities such as industrialization and deforestation have greatly affected the water system since the two nations experience a shortage of rainfall. In the US, the rates of withdrawal and usage of groundwater are much higher than the replenishment rates (National Research Council, 2015). The decrease in rainfall over the years has affected the food distribution system, with the prices of food staff increasing because of scarcity. The food distribution problem is similar to China. With more than two billion people, the food within the country is slowly decreasing significantly since irrigation has slowly been affected by the lack of rainfall. Du et al. (2014) note that the annual rainfall in southern China is over 1500mm, and the annual rainfall in northern China is less than 200mm. The northern part of China holds about a third of the country’s land, where irrigation is mostly conducted. With the decrease in rainfall due to global climate change, the food distribution system is slowly facing challenges with the country having to import its food staff to compensate for the food production. In the US and China, food insecurity is at its lower levels. Nonetheless, the low-income earners in these countries face challenges because of global climate change, such as the lack of proper nutrition. With the increase in activities resulting in global climate change, China and America are expected to experience an increase in food insecurity, and thus, an increase in health complications associated with food insecurity, such as malnutrition Effects of Global Warming on Health Paper.

Comparison Between the United States and Iraq

The respiratory problem is more severe in America than it is in Iraq. Being a developed country, the US has access to many resources that help them in industrialization activities, which are significant contributors to the global climate change crisis. As such, the rate of pollution in the US is higher than in Iraq since Iraq has few industries than America. The availability of resources means that the US will continue to venture into industrialization, which will increase air pollution. Subsequently, this will increase the number of respiratory problems arising from air pollution and airway inflammation compared to Iraq, resulting in lower pollution. In Iraq, the respiratory problem is lower than in the US. The food distribution system in America is sufficient, but has continued to decrease because of the lack of rainfall. Malnutritional problems in the US are lower as compared to Iraq since the US compensates for its food distribution system through importation that caters to the country’s needs. However, cases of malnutrition, especially among the low-income earners in the US, have been on the rise since they lack sufficient nutrition due to the disruption of the food distribution system. The food distribution problem is more significant in Iraq than it is in America. Notably, the country encounters a shortage of food due to the lack of rainfall. The decrease in water resources has resulted in many people, resulting in subsistence farming in Iraq. Consequently, this leads to a decrease in the food distribution system, forcing the country to import most of its food products, which are unable to meet the needs of the citizens as noted by Adamo (2018). The lack of enough food has seen the people of Iraq suffer from health complications because they lack a nutritional diet.

Health promotion/Health Protection Strategies a Nurse Could Implement

Respiratory problems can be life-threatening if not properly managed. Nurses can equip people with first aid strategies that help them cater to those with respiratory disease. Education plays a critical role in equipping people with knowledge. In this respect, nurses can educate people on the measures they can utilize to manage their respiratory problems, such as taking medication and visiting the doctors whenever they are unwell (George et al., 2017). For those working in industries, nurses can help them understand preventative measures such as wearing masks. Nurses can educate and, at the same time, vaccinate people irrespective of whether they have respiratory diseases or not. Through their training, nurses can help people identify the areas that threaten their health because of the high pollution global climate change. To tackle the health problem arising from the shortage of food, nurses can educate the people concerning the foods they should eat. While doing this, they can use the food products that are accessible to the people. Nurses can identify the best course of treatment for those who suffer from health complications resulting from food distribution systems.

References

Adamo, N., Al-Ansari, N., Sissakian, V. K., Knutsson, S., & Laue, J. (2018). Climate change: consequences On Iraq’s environment. Journal of earth sciences and geotechnical engineering, 8(3), 43-58.

Berrang-Ford, L., Biesbroek, R., Ford, J. D., Lesnikowski, A., Tanabe, A., Wang, F. M., … & Grecequet, M. (2019). Tracking global climate change adaptation among governments. Nature Climate Change, 9(6), 440-449.

Du, T., Kang, S., Zhang, X., & Zhang, J. (2014). C china’s food security is threatened by the unsustainable use of water resources in North and Northwest China. Food and Energy Security, 3(1), 7-18.

George, M., Bruzzese, J. M., & Matura, L. A. (2017). Climate change effects on respiratory health: Nursing implications. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 49(6), 644-652.

Kan, H., Chen, R., & Tong, S. (2012). Ambient air pollution, climate change, and population health in China. Environment international, 42, 10-19.

National Research Council. (, 2015). A framework for assessing the effects of the food system. National Academies Press.

Patella, V., Florio, G., Magliacane, D., Giuliano, A., Crivellaro, M. A., Di Bartolomeo, D., … & Scaletti, C. (2018). Urban air pollution and climate change: "The Decalogue: Allergy Safe Tree” for allergic and respiratory diseases care. Clinical and Molecular Allergy, 16(1), 1-11 Effects of Global Warming on Health Paper.