Electronic Intelligence Example Paper
Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)
Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)
Different scholarly studies have dissect that Electronic Intelligence (ELINT), is the gathering of the intelligence, thorough the use of sensors that are electronic automated. Electronic Intelligence involves the use of personal communications. Its purpose is generally to a certain the capabilities of a target market which include the location of the radar. According to (Van – 540), he has elaborated the differences between SIGINT, and Electronic Intelligence. There are different ways of collecting intelligence. These ways include; SIGNT, MASINT, and OSINT. The Signal Intelligence involves the transmission of the electronic information, that can be collected by ships, ground sites, satellites or panels (Gold and Ann – 170) Electronic Intelligence Example Paper.
The use of the electronic intelligence, during the time of the battle of Britain, brought success to the nation of Britain. In the today’s society, the military demand the use of the ELINT in order to conquer their enemies. The invention of this intelligence system brought such a great impact to many nations during the colonial time, and it has proven to bring change in the world today. ELINT can also be referred to as a non – communication electromagnetic radiations, other than atomic detonation sources. ELINT is more associated to all the radiations, but it does not include the ones used in voice or other communications. There are many other types of radiations. They include; radiations from missiles, and missile guidance device. What is Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)? ELINT is information derived primarily from electronic signals that do not contain speech or text (which are considered COMINT). It is divided into major branches. One branch is Technical ELINT (TechELINT), which describes the signal structure, emission characteristics, modes of operation, emitter functions, and weapons systems associations of such emitters as radars, beacons, jammers, and navigational signals Electronic Intelligence Example Paper. A main purpose of TechELINT is to obtain signal parameters which can define the capabilities and the role that the emitter plays in the larger system, such as a ground radar locating aircraft, and thus lead to the design of radar detection, countermeasure, or counterweapons equipment. The overall process, including operation of the countermeasures, is part of electronic warfare.Another major branch is Operational ELINT (OpELINT), which concentrates on locating specific ELINT targets and determining the operational patterns of the systems (Van – 542).
These results are commonly called Electronic Order of Battle (EOB). OpELINT also provides threat assessments, often referred to as “tactical ELINT.” OpELINT intelligence products support military operational planners and tactical military commanders on the battlefield. A former third major branch of ELINT is the collection, processing, and reporting of foreign telemetry signals intelligence (TELINT) Electronic Intelligence Example Paper. TELINT is technical and intelligence information derived from the intercept, processing, and analysis of foreign telemetry. At one time Telemetry Intelligence was considered a branch of ELINT since TELINT (later to be called FISINT — Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence) activities are closely related to TechELINT procedures and were conducted by all of the Department of Defense (DoD) military departments (Neer and Richard – 72). TELINT is a critical source of performance information on foreign missiles and space vehicles while they are being developed and tested. TELINT can also provide much operational information on foreign satellites and space vehicles. Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) at the National Security Agency (NSA) did not have an easy start. When NSA was formed in 1952,
consideration was given to including ELINT as well as COMINT as part of NSA’s charter. It is widely believed that Lieutenant General Ralph Canine, USA, Director of NSA at that time, felt that managing the DoD COMINT efforts would be enough of a challenge for NSA. This attitude toward ELINT was shared by the DoD military departments — none wanted NSA to manage ELINT; each department was very content to manage its own interests in ELINT (Evans and Rebecca). Department of Defense ELINT, however, was as much in need of coordination and management as COMINT. In particular, the effort badly needed a cohesive signal analysis and processing effort Electronic Intelligence Example Paper.
ELINT had its start in World War II with the invention and use of radar by the Allies and the Axis. The initial Allied ELINT efforts were started by the British; they are described in the book The Secret War by Dr. R. V. Jones. The US Army Air Forces had a keen interest in ELINT since most of the German radars at the time were used to target Allied bombers over Germany, and the air forces wanted to know as much about them as possible — including how to evade, “jam,” or “spoof” the radars. During WWII the US military departments all used ELINT very effectively against German ground radars and against Japanese airborne, shipborne, and submarine radars. One of the early 1943 Army Air Force ELINT missions was flown by a B-24 over Kiska Island in the Aleutian Islands to electronically map the Japanese radars then on the island. In 1944 large numbers of B-24s were outfitted with ELINT receivers, which were used to guide jamming of the German ground radars in Europe (Evans and Rebecca – 210).
Soon after WWII, the USAF in Europe (USAFE) embarked on an aggressive TechELINT and OpELINT program, including establishing a solid and expansive cooperative program with several NATO partners Electronic Intelligence Example Paper. In 1952 the US DoD set up the Army-Navy Electronics Evaluation Group (ANEEG) to be housed at the Navy’s Nebraska Avenue Naval Security Station (NSS) — by coincidence the headquarters of NSA at the time — staffed with about thirty people. The ANEEG had only informal coordinating collection powers, but it was both a centralized analysis point for processing and analysis of ELINT intercepts and a focal point for coordination of difficult ELINT analytic problems. In 1955, as ELINT processing problems grew, ANEEG was redesignated the National Technical Processing Center (NTPC), under the USAF Air Staff, and administratively was designated.
One of the first actions taken in response to the DoD ELINT directive in March of 1959 was to incorporate the National Technical Processing Center into the NSA Collection and Signal Analysis (COSA) organization as the “Non-communications Signals Analysis and Processing Division.” By 1959, NTPC had about 100 people. This signal processing and analysis group formed the core of the NSA effort at that time. Some of the DoD military departments and combat commands were not greatly enthusiastic about NSA’s new responsibilities, and as a result many management problems and effective coordination procedures developed Electronic Intelligence Example Paper. The Strategic Air Command (SAC) was long accustomed to doing ELINT business “their way,” which was tailored to fulfill their mission. SAC soon developed a productive and cooperative set of arrangements with NSA
Starting in 1958, and working with other US and allied ELINT organizations, NSA technical and management initiatives and expertise have made significant intelligence gains for the United States and its allies. These gains provided vital intelligence information for use by electronic warfare equipment designers and operating personnel. They also provided critical information on foreign missiles and space vehicles that were a threat to the United States. NSA continues today in its role as the lead US organization for ELINT matters Electronic Intelligence Example Paper.
Gold, Ann Grodzins. “Grains of Truth: Shifting Hierarchies of Food and Grace in Three Rajasthani Tales.” History of Religions 38, no.2 (1998): 150-171.
Van Doorn, Niels. "Digital spaces, material traces: How matter comes to matter in online performances of gender, sexuality and embodiment." Media, Culture & Society 33, no. 4 (2011): 531-547. doi:10.1177/0163443711398692.
Neer, Richard. "The Athenian Treasury at Delphi and the Material of Politics." Classical Antiquity, 23, no. 1 (2004): 63-93. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/ca.2004.23.1.63
Evans, Rebecca. "Pinochet in London—Pinochet in Chile: International and Domestic Politics in Human Rights Policy." Human Rights Quarterly 28, no. 1 (2006): 207-244. Academic Search Premier (20098672) Electronic Intelligence Example Paper.