Global Health Issues
Global Health Issues
Write a paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to “Communicable Disease Chain,” “Chain of Infection,” and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.
Communicable Disease Selection
Epidemiology Paper Requirements
Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.
Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.
Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?
Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.
Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.
Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.
A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
Global Health Issues
One of the major global health issues impacting the international health community is malnutrition. According to the center for disease prevention and control, malnutrition has contributed to at least one-third of the deaths among children worldwide. Africa and Asia are the two most affected continents by children’s malnutrition diseases. However, even within rich countries, there still exist health disparities.
The difference in income level makes people with lower income to have difficulties in accessing healthcare services (Aheto, Keegan, Taylor & Diggle, 2015). A common type of malnutrition is under nutritional, which occurs due to exhaustion of the dietary body reserves. The condition can also happen if the nutrient intake is insufficient for satisfying the increasing metabolic demands of the body. The prolonged existence of this state results in stunted growth. Such type of growth has been associated with other difficulties, especially in learning as it lowers the IQ among children.
The world health organization (WHO) has, in collaboration with other health care delivery systems been working together to address this problem. WHO set health standards which a country should achieve after a certain period where the primary objective is to achieve health for all. In partnership with other international agencies, the country’s leadership, health care organizations, and communities, efforts have been made towards reducing malnutrition diseases among children (Aheto et al., 2015).
There are also several intergovernmental organizations, volunteers and philanthropic organizations which provide funds for addressing malnutrition problem. For example, Pan American Health Organization and United Nations children funds have supported nutritional programs not only in American but also in other countries. Even doctors without borders have been traversing in all affected areas to offer nutritional education among communities. In the past five years, the combined efforts have resulted in a decline in the death of the children due to malnutrition.
Aheto, J. M. K., Keegan, T. J., Taylor, B. M., & Diggle, P. J. (2015). Childhood Malnutrition and Its Determinants among Under‐Five Children in G hana. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology, 29(6), 552-561.
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