International Relations of the Great Powers
International Relations of the Great Powers
The greatest powers of the world are those countries that continuously dominate the news headlines and also shape the patterns of the global economy. They are big players in the international community, and they are mostly pledging and helping other countries, especially in developing countries. The great powers of the world are part of the developed countries. Such countries preoccupy the policymakers and are always leading in financial, economic, health, and educational aspects. They have not been crowned the greatest without any sufficient evidence. The great powers of the world include the United States, Russia, China, Germany, and the United Kingdom International Relations of the Great Powers.
The five great powers preoccupy this position and have been labeled as the greatest because they dominate other countries in terms of not only their economic but also military powers. The US currently holds the first position compared to the rest of the great powers because of its economic power. Notably, the US has a gross domestic product (GDP) of about $20.5 trillion and a population of at least 327.2 million, bringing its per capita income to $62,869 (“The Most Powerful Countries in the World.”). The US Armed Forces are believed to be the most powerful military in the world, with the highest budget globally amounting to about $731.8 billion. Russia is the largest country globally in terms of landmass and has a population of at least 144.5 million. The economic power of Russia stands at a GDP of $1.7 trillion and a per capita income of $28,797. Russia also has the military power and is considered one of the largest military forces (“The World Factbook: World.”). This military is the most powerful in Europe and second-most powerful in the world. The government of Russia allocates a significant amount of money to the military, with its military receiving $65.1 billion.
China is another great power in the world, with the largest population of about 1.4 billion people. Its economic power stands at a GDP of $13.6 trillion, with a per capita income of $18,116 (“The Most Powerful Countries in the World.”). China has the third most powerful military globally and spends billions on its military; for example, China spent $261.1 billion in 2019 (Ghosh n.d.). Germany is a great power because of its economic and political power. With about 82.9 million people, Germany has a GDP of $4.0 trillion and a per capita income of $52,386. Germany’s military force, the Bundeswehr, is considered among the top thirty strongest militaries globally and receives a significant portion from the budget (“2020 Military Strength Ranking.”). The Bundeswehr received $49.3 billion in 2019. The United Kingdom is one of the most developed countries globally. With a population of 66.5 million people, the UK has a GDP of $2.8 trillion and a per capita of $45,741. According to Ghosh (n.d.), its military is also strong since it is considered seventh globally, with annual spending of $48.7 billion in 2019 International Relations of the Great Powers.
The great countries have alliances and treaty obligations. For example, the US and Russia have a treaty obligation to the nuclear arms control agreement to reduce the nuclear and missile arsenals in both countries. China and Russia should adhere to their current treaty, The Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation, to ensure peaceful coexistence and economic cooperation. Germany is a member of the European Union and must maintain its peace agreement and contribution to the alliance. The United Kingdom should adhere to the UK–US extradition treaty of 2003 signed in 2007.
The five great powers of the world interact with each other, and their interaction can be explained through liberalism. Liberalism does not use direct force such as military forces, but instead focuses on international cooperation, as noted by Doyle and Recchia (1434). Due to the emphasis on international cooperation, bodies such as the United Nations have been established. The great nations interact using international cooperation bodies such as the UN and the European Union. International relations are rooted in the liberalist tradition where agreements and treaties are signed, and bodies such as the UN are used to oversee the operations by these countries.
“2020 Military Strength Ranking.” Global Firepower – World Military Strength, 2020, www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing.asp.
“The Most Powerful Countries in the World.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, 2020, www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/power-rankings.
“The World Factbook: World.” Central Intelligence Agency, Central Intelligence Agency, www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/print_xx.html.
Doyle, Michael, and Stefano Recchia. "Liberalism in international relations." (2011).
Ghosh, Iman. “Mapped: The Countries With the Most Military Spending.” Visual Capitalist, 24 Sept. 2020, www.visualcapitalist.com/mapped-the-countries-with-the-most-military-spending/ International Relations of the Great Powers.