Leadrship & Management in HC II SU1 21

Leadrship & Management in HC II SU1 21

2021 Instructions for  Assigned Topic Paper for Nur4226 Summer 2021

This paper must be 5 pages in length.  The APA format and style for citations and recommendations must be followed. There must be 2 peer-reviewed articles for referencing support of current knowledge and nursing practice in addition to the textbook. Spelling, grammar, and sentence structure must contain few errors. The paper should have an introduction or overview of major points and also a conclusion with a summary of the writer’s viewpoint and excellent command of terminology of the related topic.  The course outcomes met in this topic that are found on the course syllabus must be addressed. The role of the nurse in relation to the topic must be defined.  The paper must address nursing leadership issues, and quality and safety provisions related to this topic. In conclusion, the paper must make a recommendation from the writer’s viewpoint on the topic. The end of the paper needs an inspired comment to impress the reader to continue thinking about this paper’s subject matter.


Course Outcomes: Upon completion of the course, students will be afforded the opportunity to:

  1. Analyze the various types of healthcare organizational structures. II
  2. Discuss healthcare economics and financial management of healthcare services. V
  3. Discuss current issues affecting the American healthcare systems. III
  4. Evaluate leadership theories and concepts to improve staff satisfaction and to promote the

delivery of quality and safe patient care. II, III, IX

  1. Analyze ethical decisions faced by nurse leaders and the healthcare team. V, VI, VIII
  2. Critically evaluate policies and issues for maintaining safe nursing practice and operating a

safe healthcare environment. II, V

  1. Examine the impact of healthcare errors from the perspective of nurses, consumers and

legislators. I, II

  1. Describe methods of quality improvement for healthcare systems and outline a quality

improvement plan within a healthcare environment. II

  1. Evaluate a budget proposal in relation to quality improvement initiative. II, V


*The 9 Baccalaureate Essentials are mapped to the learning outcomes in Roman numerals

The Nine Essentials Baccalaureate Essentials are:


  1. Liberal Education for Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Practice

A solid base in liberal education provides the cornerstone for the practice and

education of nurses.

  1. Basic Organizational and Systems Leadership for Quality Care and Patient Safety

Knowledge and skills in leadership, quality improvement, and patient safety are

necessary to provide high quality health care.

III.  Scholarship for Evidence-Based Practice

Professional nursing practice is grounded in the translation of current evidence into practice.

  1. Information Management and Application of Patient Care Technology

Knowledge and skills in information management and patient care technology are critical in the delivery of quality patient care.

  1. Healthcare Policy, Finance, and Regulatory Environments

Healthcare policies, including financial and regulatory, directly, and indirectly influence the nature and functioning of the healthcare system and thereby are important considerations in professional nursing practice.

  1. Interprofessional Communications and Collaboration for Improving Patient Health


Communication and collaboration among healthcare professionals are critical to delivering high quality and safe patient care.

VII.  Clinical Prevention and Population Health



Yoder-Wise, P.S. (2018). Leading and managing in nursing, 7th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier  Mosby.      Mosby Title    ISBN: 978-0-323-44913-7






: Leadership and Management


Leadership and management play an essential role in the health care sector. With the continuous changes in healthcare delivery and patient circumstances, there is the ever-needed requirement for managers and leaders to acquire novel abilities and skills to keep up with the changes in patient needs. An effective leaders and managers understand that their input is critical in the health sector. As a manager, a significant portion entails communicating and negotiating with the requisite stakeholders while at the same time maintaining specific attitudes and skills which are necessary for maximizing the staff discipline and overall performance. Certainly, the overall aim of good leadership and management is the provision of services to the healthcare sector in an equitable and sustainable manner. This paper will highlight leadership and management in the healthcare sector.

Meaning of Management in Healthcare Sector

Management entails the process of planning, organizing, and controlling with the sole purpose of achieving the intended organizational goals. In the healthcare sector, the concept of management is uniquely described since it has no collective application, but it is indicated by circumstance, that is, the guidelines, structures, and the cultural values in which it becomes practiced (Ayeleke et al., 2018). Generally, there are various approaches to management, with one such approach being the traditional or bureaucratic style to management. The bureaucratic approach emphasizes the need for a clear management arrangement grounded on a hierarchical chain of management that entails the workers’ control and culpability for performance. Another management approach is the human relations approach that emphases on the involvement of employees in the design of their work, motivating the workers, sustaining their requirements in the workplace environment, and managing conflict.

Meaning of a Leader

According to Al-Dossary (2017), a leader is a person that other individuals follow voluntarily and willingly. As such in leadership is the process in which a leader influences other people to behave in a desired manner. As a leader, one should develop the skills and vision while at the same time allowing the followers to participate in the change process. The leader works with other individuals in the healthcare sector to create a shared mission in the organization. The leader should adopt the use of interpersonal skills, for instance, communication, with the sole intention of inducing other individuals to achieve a specific goal in the healthcare sector. A leader is critical in the delivery of optimal health services in the health care sector. On the other hand, leadership revolves around the vision, ideas, and inspiration of the followers since this establishes direction among the followers with the sole intention of achieving the goals rather than the daily implementation of those goals (Ayeleke et al., 2018). A clear distinction between leadership and management is that for managers they are persons that do things right, while leaders are persons that do the right thing.

Leadership and Management

Leadership and management are critical in the delivery of health care services. Leadership and management are two similar concepts, but they involve different skills and behaviors. Therefore, in the healthcare sector, a leader must strive to become good leaders, and at the same time, good leaders must strive to have good management skills for efficient delivery of service in the healthcare sector (West et al., 2015).

A good leader should have a vision of where the organization should be and what the organization should achieve. Further, the leader should communicate the goals to their subordinates while at the same time implementing the necessary strategies that can help the subordinates to realize their vision. Good leadership and effective management in the healthcare sector entails the provision of direction and, at the same time, gaining commitment from the partners and employees (West et al., 2015). The leader and manager should be at the forefront of enabling change in the healthcare sector through the adoption of an efficient and responsible workforce at the workplace.

Evidently, leadership and management are critical in the delivery of good quality health services efficiently and equitably. As a healthcare professional, one should strive to be a good leader and manager with leaders requiring management skills for them to become effective. A leader should have a vision of what needs to be achieved and then communicate the vision to their followers while evolving strategies to realize the vision. On the other hand, managers need to have the knowledge, skills, and understanding of the role and purposes of their service delivery (West et al., 2015). The healthcare sector requires capable leaders and managers since they are required to manage a complex healthcare system that comprises different professional groups, departments, and specialties and complicated interaction between the various systems.

Functions of Leadership in Healthcare Sector

Leadership and management have an essential role in shaping the conditions that nurses play in the healthcare sector. Leadership is a multipronged aspect in the nursing sector that entails the provision of direction to the followers. Further leadership plays an efficient role in motivating and patient advocacy, thereby guaranteeing optimal healthcare outcomes. In the nursing sector, the leadership concept entails showing the followers the means of doing things while the leaders lead the way. According to Dyess, Sherman, Pratt, and Chiang-Hanisko (2016), with the complexity surrounding leadership in the healthcare sector, it is crucial for the development of nursing leaders. In the current healthcare sector, there are myriad challenges affecting nurses and healthcare practitioners. Some of the challenges include poor teamwork that can affect the ability of the nursing leaders to achieve their stated objective and overall patient safety.

In the healthcare sector, leadership entails having a vision and capacity to empower the staff. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) indicates that healthcare professionals have the capacity to lead interprofessional teams and healthcare systems, especially in this era of highly complex workplace environments (Dyess, Sherman, Pratt, & Chiang-Hanisko, 2016). The primary role of a nurse leader in the healthcare sector is to ensure their clients encounter optimal care, which entails patient advocacy. Since nurses are the forefront of patient care and decision-making, it is critical that they make proper decisions that form the basis of leadership in the health care sector.

A leader in the healthcare sector also influences and coordinates the patients and their families while guiding them in decision-making that can affect their overall wellbeing. A successful healthcare leader is one that is a critical thinker, open to ideas and a lifelong leader. The leader ought to be updated with the current trends in the healthcare sector while at the same time maintaining professionalism and depicting competence. There is a myriad of factors that prepare an individual to be a better leader in the healthcare sector, with one being education and experiences (Dyess, Sherman, Pratt, & Chiang-Hanisko, 2016). Notably, education plays a critical role in healthcare leadership. For instance, nurse leaders that have undergone the necessary education for instance, baccalaureate degree depicting high-level leadership skills compared to those with diploma degrees. In their curriculum, the baccalaureate nurse in corporate leadership is part of their program, which is not the case for the diploma-prepared nurses. Al-Dossary (2017) avers that the difference in education between the two leaders makes a baccalaureate nurse have a head start matters leadership in the healthcare sector.

Role of Management in Healthcare Sector

In the healthcare sector, healthcare delivery and patient circumstances are continuously changing; as such, managers should constantly learn novel abilities and skills for them to keep up with the dynamic healthcare environment. As a manager, there are skills that one requires that include motivating stuff, communicating and negotiating with the relevant stakeholders, and at the same time maintaining attitudes and behaviors, which plays a role in maximizing staff discipline and performance (West et al., 2015). The healthcare services exist for the exclusive resolve of providing services to patients in communities; as such, it is the role of managers to ensure that client satisfaction is of utmost importance. Certainly, the primary role of management in the healthcare sector is the provision of services to the community in an appropriate, efficient, equitable, and sustainable manner.

Health Care Management and Leadership Competencies

The presence of strong leadership and effective management in the healthcare sector is vital since it leads to the provision of optimal healthcare standards. In the healthcare sector, the presence of strong leadership skills plays an essential role in the wellbeing and recovery of patients (West et al., 2015). A leader in the healthcare sector should ensure that their followers provide the highest level of care while at the same time inspiring the followers to work together while putting the patient needs ahead of their private issues. As a leader in the healthcare sector, one should mentor even the fellow healthcare professionals while at the same time providing guidance and direction required to fulfill their requisite duties in the specific organization (Ayeleke et al., 2018).

In the healthcare, sector competencies refer to the level of skills, knowledge, and attitudes that the healthcare leaders require for the adequate performance of their roles. Various studies have been conducted to evaluate the various competencies required by health managers and leaders for the effective performance of

competencies are necessary for the successful performance of organizational objectives. Such competencies in the healthcare sector are thus referred to as core competencies and are thus shared by health managers in a variety of positions and settings.


The above analysis has highlighted leadership and management in the healthcare sector. Indeed, the healthcare sector is a complex environment that is characterized by constant changes. Therefore, the healthcare sector requires competent leadership and management practices that can help them navigate the complex healthcare environment. In the analysis, it has shown the need for healthcare competencies since healthcare practitioners require specific competencies for the performance of particular roles. Further, the analysis has shown some of the traits of a leader in the healthcare sector.





Al-Dossary, R. (2017). Leadership in Nursing. Contemporary Leadership Challenges. doi: 10.5772/65308

Ayeleke, R., Dunham, A., North, N., & Wallis, K. (2018). The Concept of Leadership in the Health Care Sector. Leadership. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.76133

Dyess, S., Sherman, R., Pratt, B., & Chiang-Hanisko, L. (2016). Growing Nurse Leaders: Their Perspectives on Nursing Leadership and Today’s Practice Environment. 121. doi: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol21No01PPT04

West, M., Armit, K., Loewenthal, L., Eckert, R., West, T., & Lee, A. (2015). Leadership and Leadership Development in Health Care: The Evidence Base. TheKingsFund. Retrieved 24 June 2021, from https://www.kingsfund.org.uk/sites/default/files/field/field_publication_file/leadership-leadership-development-health-care-feb-2015.pdf.