Musculoskeletal Assessment and Health Promotion

Musculoskeletal Assessment and Health PromotionMusculoskeletal Assessment and Health Promotion

The goal of a complete musculoskeletal assessment is to detect risk factors, potential problems, or musculoskeletal dysfunction early and then to plan appropriate interventions, including teaching health promotion and disease prevention and implementing treatment measures. By doing so, you can play a significant role in preventing pain and dysfunction in your patients.  Describe a plan to provide patient teaching that incorporates health promotion and disease prevention. Provide rationale.


Musculoskeletal Assessment and Health Promotion

Musculoskeletal disorder is a condition that affects the bones, muscles, and joints. Musculoskeletal has several risk factors. The condition leads to the tissues and muscles’ wear and tear as a result of daily activities. People suffering from musculoskeletal consistently complain of body fatigue and pains (Reed, Battistutta, Young & Newman, 2014). Their tissues and muscles feel as if they have been overworked or pulled.  Health promotion and disease prevention play a crucial role in detecting the risk factors as well as managing the condition.

One of the best ways to deal with this condition is through the provision of patient education so that they can avoid the activities and the risk factors associated with the disease. These activities include engaging in repeated motions, lifting heavy weights, and maintaining bad posture while working and sitting in front of a computer, in the same manner daily (Reed, Battistutta, Young & Newman, 2014).

Enlightening the public about these risk factors ensures health promotion as healthy people would avoid or reduce activities which would result in musculoskeletal disorder. Patients are also supposed to be taught that taking care of their bodies lowers the risk of suffering from the disease.

Some of the common symptoms of musculoskeletal disorder are muscle atrophy, swelling, muscle weakness, and pain. Teaching patients about these symptoms ensures that they can seek medical attention before the condition can become chronic (Romeo, Lavanga, Pagani & Sansone, 2014). Consulting a physician early enough promotes good health since the patient gets appropriate tests. When the disease is detected early, appropriate therapy for the condition begins, which prevents further complications and deterioration.

Musculoskeletal pain can be treated using different therapies. Medicines like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) are used to treat pain or inflammation. Physical exercise, which involves stretching and muscle strengthening, relaxation, and acupressure are helpful in the treatment and relieving of the pain (Romeo, Lavanga, Pagani & Sansone, 2014). Another essential therapy for the disorder is a therapeutic massage. Equipping the patient with this vital information would help them to manage the condition and relieve the musculoskeletal pain.



Romeo, P., Lavanga, V., Pagani, D., & Sansone, V. (2014). Extracorporeal shock wave therapy in musculoskeletal disorders: a review. Medical Principles and Practice23(1), 7-13.

Reed, L. F., Battistutta, D., Young, J., & Newman, B. (2014). Prevalence and risk factors for foot and ankle musculoskeletal disorders experienced by nurses. BMC musculoskeletal disorders15(1), 196.


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