PTSD Outcomes Research Model

Hi, I would like another outcomes model similar to the one you completed for me already. I just need the table and a written explanation of the outcomes research model. Thanks!

Please use either one of these articles below or any other article on PTSD and Nurses or veterans that you think is suitable.
Article 1:
Article 2:
Article 3:

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PTSD Outcomes Research Model



Inputs (Covariate, confounding variables Processes (Independent Variable) Outcomes (Outcome Variable)
Client Age


Stalking experience Increased likelihood of stalking for females.

Increased risk of developing PTSD and depression.

Provider Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Setting Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable


Explanation of the Model Based on the Article

Lucas et al. (2019) conducted a study to examine the stalking experiences during military service for male and female veterans and their associations with PTSD and depression as mental health challenges. The researchers established that male and female veterans who experienced stalking during service were prone to have probable PTSD and depression. The table above indicates that most significant element of this research process was the client, who are the veterans. The provider and setting elements were irrelevant in this study, hence, indicated as ‘not applicable’. The variables for this study include age and gender. The independent variable is stalking experience.

The results and outcome for this study are increased risk of developing PTSD and depression, and increased risk of stalking for females. According to Lucas et al., (2019), female veterans were significantly more likely to experience stalking compared to male veterans, with a comparison of 58.5% versus 34.6%. The type of stalking also varied among the genders where females reported stalking experiences such as unwanted emails, phone calls, and messages; while the males reported unannounced visits or visits from uninvited people. To add to this, those with prior stalking experiences were likely to develop probable PTSD and depression because of the repetitive nature of the incidents. Overall, the outcomes of this study according to the model is increased risk in stalking based on sex, and increased risk of developing PSTD. Since the researchers did not include a study on clinical settings for the veterans, the other elements of research are considered irrelevant.




Lucas, C., Cederbaum, J., Kintzle, S., & Castro, C. (2019). An Examination of Stalking Experiences During Military Service Among Female and Male Veterans and Associations With PTSD and Depression. Journal Of Interpersonal Violence, 36(21-22), NP11894-NP11915.