Relationships in research
I believe there are similarities and differences between the two relationships, meaning that some aspects are similar, while others are not, as exemplified by the following facts:
Nurse-patient relationship is based on trust band respect which is developed through the actions of the nurse towards the patient and vice versa. This is similar to the researcher-participant relationship, where the trust and respect is developed by the researcher towards the participant and vice versa, where the trust and respect are proven mutually towards one another.
The nurse’s duty and responsibility are to nurture, teach, assess and help the patients, while seeing the patient as a whole, mind-body-soul. The nurse and patient come together into a healing way to benefit both, patient and nurse. In the researcher-participant relationship, the researcher has a duty and responsibility to continuously inform the participant on the research the participant accepted to be part of, while tries to maintain the safety and perform no harm to the patient.
Advocating for the patients is another attribute and responsibility of a nurse, which also is present in the research-participant relationship considering that the researcher has an obligation to advocate and provide alternatives to participants, even with the risk of participant deciding to withdraw, hence advocating and providing no harm to the participant or the patient.
The nurse-patient relationship is built to be a close relationship where the nurse tends to show openness and understanding of the patient, which ultimately will allow patient to open up. Similar is advisable to happen between researcher and participant, considering that an improved and rich data and research information is being disclosed between the two if the researcher is able to build that close relationship with the participant.
Both relationships are based on treatments received by patient and respectively the participant, where the nurse and researcher promotes and advocates for no harm to either of the parties, patient or participant.
Some of the values such as autonomy, confidentiality, trust, respect, informed consent are important values in both relationships in order for relationships to be successful and ethically valid, hence similarities.
The nurse continues to nurture, teach and guide patient with the scope of assisting patient on completing a treatment or teach changes that would benefit the patient. On the other hand, the researcher only collects data in order to ensure data collected is not altered, unless the treatment or procedure will cause harm to participant, when the researcher has a duty to discontinue and create no harm. Therefore, the researcher does not intervene into the participant’s response. In the nurse-patient relationship the nurse may intervene and teach other alternatives, which may help patient make other decisions.
Thank you for your very informative post. Your view on differences and similarities is quite interesting and draws attention to both the patient-nurse and researcher-participant relationships, especially when it comes to clinical settings. It is good to note that you have taken time to research and your explanation is deep enough for one to understand the similarities and differences. Nevertheless, I can add that the nurse-patient relationship is usually long-term and requires changes along the way depending on the patient response, as well as the nurse application of knowledge and judgement in guiding the patient during their interaction (Mirhaghi et al., 2017).
However, this is quite different from the researcher-participant relationship that is always timed with executions for specific actions given timelines that must be adhered to ensure the research yields the desired results. Although the researcher may be influenced by values and ethical principles outside the research guidelines, it may sometimes be ignored in order to eliminate research bias by gathering the right data (Wolff-Michael & Hella, 2018). Most of the times, the researcher may not have the liberty to make full decision during the research period, a fact that may delay desirable outcomes, especially when involving patients as the participants.
Nevertheless, in both relationships, a professional nurse is bestowed with ensuring that the patients the patient’s physical, emotional, and spiritual needs are met, and the best possible health outcomes have been achieved. Similarly, in a given clinical situations, it is very rare for a nurse professional to survive without the proper knowledge and technical know-how of exercising both the nurse-patient and researcher-participant relationships, given the broad interaction with the patients as well as the need for continuous education through research in order to make effective changes that will improve the overall quality of the care delivery.
Mirhaghi, A., Sharafi, S., Bazzi, A., & Hasanzadeh, F. (2017). Therapeutic relationship: Is it still
heart of nursing? Nursing Reports, 7(1) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/nursrep.2017.6129
Wolff-Michael Roth, & Hella, v. U. (2018). Current perspectives on research ethics in qualitative
research. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 19(3) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-19.3.3155