The Canadian Health Care System

The Canadian Health Care System


Institutional Affiliation



Part One

Question 1

The Canadian health care system functions with five principles that must be followed by the entire industry. The five principles include universality, which directs every Canadian to have health insurance provided in their province. The portability principle ensures that if a citizen is not in their province, they can still receive care. The principle of accessibility provides that citizens can find health care in any part of the country. The health care system should be comprehensive to enable citizens to receive specialized care to improve their health at no extra cost. Finally, Canadian health care should function under the principle of public administration, which means all logistics should be government-funded with no aim for profit. These principles help ensure that each health care facility complies with the federal mandate for a fully government-funded system The Canadian Health Care System.

Question Two

One problem I am aware of with the Canadian health system is the issue of equality, where patients do not receive similar care due to various reasons. For example, racism has been a significant cause of unfair health provision where the minorities have been discriminated against time after time. In some scenarios, they lose their life with no serious repercussions for the practitioners involved. Another reason is social class, where the wealthy receive more prompt and quality care than economically challenged groups. While the rich can bring consequences for the breach of their rights, the poor cannot. The government needs to probe this matter and take necessary action to curb the continuance of such health care practices that are putting citizens’ lives at risk while violating the five principles of care.

Question Three

When people say a two-tier system, they refer to a health care system aimed at a profit where facilities would provide care to make a profit. This means that the hospitals would need to be privatized and not funded by the government. People would acquire health care out of pocket, and the more specialized the care, the higher the price. This is not a good idea because it would mean that without the required finances to get the care a person needs, a person will suffer individually or go bankrupt trying to secure their health. In a two-tier system, the services are highly discriminative, where the rich will access more quality care than the poor. Additionally, the system will lead to a general degradation of citizens’ health as they avoid seeking care because of the costs’ fear The Canadian Health Care System.

Part Two

Question One

Applying the five principles is a challenge that the Canadian health system has to face. However, each principle has a varying degree of difficulty when it comes to application. I think the most challenging principle to apply to the medical field is comprehensiveness. This is because of the government’s limited resources, which does not offer flexibility for a patient to receive the full care package expected from the system. For example, hospitals treat people in the facility, rarely taking the time to follow up on their progress when they leave. If the patient develops complications, they will have to return to the hospital, which in most cases is delayed making their treatment expensive for the government. The ability to hire specialized staff is hard for the government since they demand more reimbursement meaning that citizens who are entirely reliant on government health care are likely to miss out on the care required. The comprehensive principle is a difficult concept as the government tries to cut expenditure The Canadian Health Care System.